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Archaeology in the News
2,000-year-old gold jewelry from mysterious culture discovered in Kazakhstan

JMcB, Orentil, lg16 And 1 others like this post
Indo-European/ Most CWC … Polish-Lithuanian / German and Romanian
In April 2024, archaeologists from the University of Warsaw conducted underwater research on one of the lakes in Kuyavia, discovering several objects, including sickles, fragments of iron sword sheaths and chain belts. The method and style of their manufacture suggest that they were made by Celtic blacksmiths.

Until now, it was believed that the Celts appeared in Kuyavia only in the 1st century BC.

The new discovery would move this date back about 200 years, i.e. the times from which we know the scientifically well-documented Celtic settlements in Silesia.

The new discovery is also of great importance in the context of the Przeworsk and Jastorf cultures. The Celts, being an Indo-European people, did not stand out significantly among the local population, whom archaeologists associate with the Przeworsk culture (2nd century BC - 5th century AD) and ethnically assign them to the Vandals or Lugii, mentioned in ancient chronicles. At the same time, it seems that the influence of the Celts on this culture was significant. In the 3rd century BC, the declining phase of the Pomeranian culture and finds related to the incoming communities of the Jastorf culture, which in turn is associated with the Germanic population, are also recorded in Kuyavia.

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32 haunting shipwrecks from the ancient world
By Owen Jarus published June 9, 2024

Shipwrecks can reveal information about traded goods and even which rituals people partook in centuries ago. Here's a look at shipwrecks from ancient times found around the world.

Shipwrecks can reveal fascinating details about the ancient world. They can tell us what goods people were trading, how ships were being built and can even provide information on the rituals that people were carrying out.

In this countdown, Live Science takes a look at 32 shipwrecks from the ancient world. Some are small watercraft, like canoes, while others are large, seagoing ships.

Marsala Punic shipwreck

[Image: GTyeEu8L2xDQTkDq7xe5za-1200-80.jpg]
(Image credit: Stefano Ravera / Alamy Stock Photo)

Discovered by a dredge ship near the city of Marsala, off the western coast of Sicily, the Marsala Punic shipwreck dates back around 2,300 years. The ship was built by the Carthaginians, a people based in the city of Carthage in what is now Tunisia. They fought a series of wars against the Roman republic, and eventually, Carthage was destroyed by the Romans. The ship was about 115 feet (35 meters) long and was well-preserved. Only a small number of artifacts, including a spearhead, an anchor and ballast stones, were found with the wreck.

For the rest, see:

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Paper Trail: 42% English, 31.5% Scottish, 12.5% Irish, 6.25% German, 6.25% Sicilian & 1.5% French.
LDNA©: Britain & Ireland: 89.3% (51.5% English, 37.8% Scottish & Irish), N.W. Germanic: 7.8%, Europe South: 2.9% (Southern Italy & Sicily)
BigY 700: I1-Z141 >F2642 >Y3649 >Y7198 (c.341 AD) >Y168300 (c.373 AD) >A13248 (c.867 AD) >A13252 (c.1047 AD) >FT81015 (c.1278 AD) >A13243 (c.1620 AD) >FT80854 (c.1700 AD) >FT80630 (1893 AD).
Archaeologists Find Evidence of the Last Jewish Revolt Against Rome

Around 1,650 years ago, the Jews of Lod and the Galilee arose against Rome. The Gallus Revolt didn't go any better than the previous rebellions had

By Ruth Schuster

[Image: 02674.jpg?precrop=2400,1603,x0,y0&height=684&width=1024]
The hoard of 94 coins from the time of the Gallus Revolt discovered in the city of Lod in central Israel.Credit: Dafna Gazit/Israel Antiquities Authority

Around 1,650 years ago, as the Roman soldiers marched on Lod, or as the local population murmured and rustled against the overlords from overseas and rebellion became the bon ton yet again and the persecutors' arrival became inevitable – somebody hastily hid a kitty under the living room floor.

Then that person died, we can surmise, because what is being interpreted as an emergency stash shoved under the floor was never recovered until the coming of the Israel Antiquities Authority this year to explore an ancient building in the city center.

Thus the hoard of 94 coins from the time of the Gallus Revolt, the last Jewish rebellion against Rome, was belatedly regained, the IAA revealed on Sunday.

The stash had been placed under the floor of a 4th century building probably associated with the ancient Jewish community of Late Roman Lod on what is today Nordau Street. The coins were dated between 221 and 354 C.E.


Of all the Jewish unrest against Rome, the Gallus Revolt is not one of the better known. Historic records place it in the years 361-362 but, Viezel says, we don't know what drove it. "We don't have much information about the rebellion and certainly not in Lod," she adds. In fact, this is the first solid evidence of that time in Lod. The historic record does say that the Gallus Revolt emerged in Lod, as well as other Jewish centers of the time, Tzippori and Tiberias.

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lg16, Orentil, Strider99 And 2 others like this post
Paper Trail: 42% English, 31.5% Scottish, 12.5% Irish, 6.25% German, 6.25% Sicilian & 1.5% French.
LDNA©: Britain & Ireland: 89.3% (51.5% English, 37.8% Scottish & Irish), N.W. Germanic: 7.8%, Europe South: 2.9% (Southern Italy & Sicily)
BigY 700: I1-Z141 >F2642 >Y3649 >Y7198 (c.341 AD) >Y168300 (c.373 AD) >A13248 (c.867 AD) >A13252 (c.1047 AD) >FT81015 (c.1278 AD) >A13243 (c.1620 AD) >FT80854 (c.1700 AD) >FT80630 (1893 AD).
A superlative excavation on the Northvolt site (Heide, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany)

Several teams from the State Archaeological Office have opened up and worked on a total of 9.1 hectares on the site of the planned Northvolt battery factory. The extremely high density and quality of the finds as well as the exceptionally good preservation conditions on an area of this size are unique in Schleswig-Holstein, the State Office announced. There were therefore complete finds from the Neolithic period to the Migration Period - so people have left traces here over a period of at least 4600 years. A few individual finds even date back to the Late Paleolithic and Mesolithic periods.
"For us, it is a superlative excavation," said the deputy head of the State Archaeological Office, Ingo Lütjens, on Thursday during a visit to the excavation. No other excavation in Schleswig-Holstein has ever uncovered such a dense concentration of archaeological findings from different periods.
Around 17,000 archaeological findings were uncovered and documented: These include floor plans of 250 longhouses, 65 pit houses, 165 storage or outbuildings and 16 graves, including 13 body graves from the late Roman Imperial and early Migration Periods. The archaeologists also discovered 200 ovens, 40 wells and water pumping stations, and 4,000 pits.
The excavation is of importance beyond Germany, says excavation director Eric Müller. He is enthusiastic about the sheer number of building finds. This number was not expected. It was estimated that there would be around 5,000 to 6,000. The knowledge gained is enormous and the finds are of outstanding importance, said Müller. For example, only one pit house was previously known from the time of the migration of peoples (approx. 375 to 700 AD) in Dithmarschen. Now 65 more have been added at once. Body graves have also only rarely been found here.



PS: DNA from before 376 AD from Schleswig-Holstein would be of course a nice extension of the probably "CNE ancestry" data pool
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From the BBC:

Missing 6th Century bucket pieces found at Sutton Hoo

“Missing pieces of a 6th Century Byzantine bucket have been uncovered at a site world-famous for its historical discoveries.

“A month-long excavation with archaeologists, conservators and volunteers from the television show Time Team has taken place at Sutton Hoo, in Suffolk.

“Fragments of the bucket were first discovered in 1986, with more found in 2012, the National Trust, which manages the site, said…”
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Y: I1 Z140+ FT354410+; mtDNA: V78
Recent tree: mainly West Country England and Southeast Wales
Y line: Peak District, c.1300. Swedish IA/VA matches; last = 715AD YFull, 849AD FTDNA
mtDNA: Llanvihangel Pont-y-moile, 1825
Mother's Y: R-BY11922+; Llanvair Discoed, 1770
Avatar: Welsh Borders hillfort, 1980s
Anthrogenica member 2015-23
Saxon Skeletons found at the 'oldest hotel in England'
7th July

By Sarah Dalton

A pub and hotel in Wiltshire is celebrating an incredible discovery as owners unearthed thousand-year-old skeletons in the garden.

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The skeletons discovered under a garden in Malmesbury date as far back as the 7th century Saxons. (Image: Cotswold Archaeology)

The Old Bell Hotel in Malmesbury sits in a Grade-I listed building and claims to be the oldest hotel in England.

Owners Kim and Whit Hanks always knew when they took on the 1200s building in 2021 that it was a hotel steeped in history, but they never quite expected so much history to be right under their feet.

On Saturday (July 6), The Old Bell Hotel confirmed to the public that rare Middle Saxon skeleton remains, some dating back to as far as the 7th century, had been found under the hotel's garden.

At least 24 skeletons were found dating from 670 to 940 AD, alongside bones belonging to a number of others.

The discovery has huge implications for history as it marks the first real evidence of a community active in Malmesbury before Malmesbury Abbey which sits across the road from the hotel.

For the rest of the article, see:

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Paper Trail: 42% English, 31.5% Scottish, 12.5% Irish, 6.25% German, 6.25% Sicilian & 1.5% French.
LDNA©: Britain & Ireland: 89.3% (51.5% English, 37.8% Scottish & Irish), N.W. Germanic: 7.8%, Europe South: 2.9% (Southern Italy & Sicily)
BigY 700: I1-Z141 >F2642 >Y3649 >Y7198 (c.341 AD) >Y168300 (c.373 AD) >A13248 (c.867 AD) >A13252 (c.1047 AD) >FT81015 (c.1278 AD) >A13243 (c.1620 AD) >FT80854 (c.1700 AD) >FT80630 (1893 AD).

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